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How to Install Motherboard




What is Motherboard?
The motherboard is a printed circuit that is the foundation of a computer and allows the CPU, RAM, and all other computer hardware components to function with each other.
How to Install Motherboard
These instructions will assist you in installing motherboard on your computer.
1
Metallic plate where the motherboard will be screwed to.
The motherboard also has several holes, as you can see in Figure 2 (we've drawn red arrows to point you where the holes are located).
2
Holes on the motherboard.
You should lay down the motherboard on the metallic plate and check which holes from the metallic plate match the holes on the motherboard, as we show in Figure 3. As you can see by comparing Figures 1 and 2, the metallic plate has more holes than needed. On the holes on the metallic plate that matched a hole on the motherboard, you will install a nut screw (more on that in a few moments). On the holes that don't match a hole on the motherboard, you will simply leave it away. Sometimes you will find some holes on the motherboard that don't match any hole on the plate. That's normal too. In Figure 3, you can see a hole on the motherboard that doesn't match any hole on the plate.
3
Matching the holes on the metallic plate with the holes on the motherboard.
Together with the case come a lot of small pieces. From these pieces you will need screws and screw nuts to install the motherboard. For now, take the screw nuts and install them on all the plate holes that matched a hole on the motherboard. They can be easily installed by turning them clock wise using your thumb and index finger.
4
Screw nuts, screws and washers that come with the case.
5
Metallic plate where the motherboard will be screwed to.
6
Motherboard correctly installed to the metallic plate.
7
There are several plugs on the back of the motherboard.
You may think that the next step is to install the metallic plate back to the case, now with the motherboard attached to it. But it is not. Before doing that, we still need to do several things.
8
Finishing that came with our case from factory.
In our case, the holes on the case didn't match the pattern of the plugs available on our motherboard. So we needed to remove the finishing that came with our case using a pliers and install a finishing that matched our motherboard. Motherboards usually come with a case finishing that match the pattern of its plugs. Cases usually come with a set of most common finishings.
9
We had to remove the finishing that came with the case.
10
Finishing that came with our motherboard.
11
Case with the new finishing installed.
12
Processor, cooler and memory modules installed on the motherboard.
In our case, the holes on the case didn't match the pattern of the plugs available on our motherboard. So we needed to remove the finishing that came with our case using a pliers and install a finishing that matched our motherboard. Motherboards usually come with a case finishing that match the pattern of its plugs. Cases usually come with a set of most common finishings.
13
Positioning the motherboard for installing the system cables.
14
Metallic plate where the motherboard will be screwed to.
15
Wires from the case's front panel.
You will find the following wires:
? Reset switch (no polarity required)
? Power switch (no polarity required), sometimes also called Standby switch
? Power LED (polarity required), sometimes also called Message LED
? HDD LED (polarity required)
? Speaker (polarity required)
Just install these wires to the connector with the same name on the motherboard. On the wires we marked "polarity required" you will need to match the positive (+) and negative (-) markings on the motherboard. The white (or black) wire should be installed to the pin marked as negative (-) on the board.
Also, sometimes the connectors are colored, as it occurs in our example in Figure 15, but the colors on the connectors rarely match the colors of the wires. So, don't follow the color scheme from the motherboard for installing the front panel wires.
16
Wires from the front panel correctly installed on the motherboard.
If your case also has front USB ports and front audio jacks, you will need to read our tutorials on how to install these features: Installing Frontal Audio Plugs and Installing Frontal USB Ports.
17
Cables from the hard disk drive, optical unit and floppy disk drive correctly.
The next step is connecting the power supply. The power supply has one 20-pin connector and your motherboard can have an extra 4-pin connector called ATX12V, which should also be installed (not all motherboards have this extra connector). You may need to lift the motherboard in a 45 angle with the table you are using to assemble your PC, since usually the wires from the power supply aren't long enough to reach the motherboard while it is on the table outside the case.
18
Installing the power supply connector.
19
Installing the ATX12V connector (only if your motherboard has it).
20
Installing the motherboard to the case.
21
Installing the motherboard to the case.
Now screw the I/O brackets to the correct place in the case.
22
Screwing the I/O brackets.
The final step is organizing the cables inside the case. Take a look at Figure 25 how was our PC after we installed the motherboard. You can see cables everywhere. The wires and cables must be organized in a way that they let the correct airflow inside the case to take place. Otherwise you will face overheating problems, and that's a very common mistake when assembling PCs. In Figure 26 you see our PC after we organized its cables.
23
Our PC just after installing the motherboard.
24
Our PC after organizing its cables.
That's it, your motherboard is now correctly installed and you won't have headaches. Just install other devices you want in your computer and it will be ready to operating system installation.
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